34 When the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together, 35 and one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question to test him. 36 ‘Teacher, which commandment in the law is the greatest?’ 37 He said to him, ‘“You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.” 38 This is the greatest and first commandment. 39 And a second is like it: “You shall love your neighbour as yourself.” 40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.’ 41 Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them this question: 42 ‘What do you think of the Messiah? Whose son is he?’ They said to him, ‘The son of David.’ 43 He said to them, ‘How is it then that David by the Spirit calls him Lord, saying, 44 “The Lord said to my Lord, ‘Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet’ ”? 45 If David thus calls him Lord, how can he be his son?’ 46 No one was able to give him an answer, nor from that day did anyone dare to ask him any more questions.
Notes on Matthew 22:34-46.
The Pharisees get a bad rap mostly in the Gospels. This is because they were the group more than any other in Jesus’ day who SHOULD have ‘got it’. They should have been able to understand what he was saying, the connections he was making, the things of value which he was drawing from the record of the interaction between God and God’s people. Their deep devotion and study and attention to learning means they should have understand. And some of them did. But many missed the point because they challenge was too great to their previous understanding. When we hear passages like this today this was not actually ‘point-scoring’ but a real search by both that group gathered and by Jesus to seek truth.